Pada kesempatan kali ini Artikel Pandai akan membahas pelajaran bahasa Inggriis mengenai “Report Text”. Tujuan dari pembelajaran ini adalah agar dapat membedakan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan beberapa teks report. Langsung saja mari kita simak pembahasan beserta contoh report text dibaawah ini!
Report text is a text wich describe the way things are, with reference to a range of natural, manmade, and social phenomena in our environment. Its social purpose is presenting information about something. They generally describe an entire class of things, whether natural or made : mammals, the planets, rocks, plants, countries or region , culture, transportation, and so on.
Generic Structure of Report Text
1. General Classification
It is an opening, for example : Spiarrow are birds.
It is a description of phenomena, including terms of parts, qualities, habits, or behaviors.
Language Features of Report Text
- Use of general nouns. Examples :rabbits, rather than particular nouns, e.g. our rabbit.
- Use of relating vers to describe features. Example : Molecules are tiny particles.
- Use some of action verbs when describing behavior. Example : Emus cannot fly.
- Use of timeless present tense to indicate facts or habits. Example : Tropical cyclones always begin over the sea.
- Use of technical terms. Example : Isobars are lines drawn on a weather map.
- Use of paragraphs with topic sentences to organize bundles of information : repeated naming of the topic as the beninning focus of the clause.
Language features of Report Text
1. Present tense
The present tense is a grammatical tense whose principal function is to locate a situation or event in present time. These are the formulas for present tense.
Sentences Patterns Examples Positive(+) S + V1S + bare infinitive She likes eating out S + be (am/is/are) The children are naughty Negative(-) S + auxiliary (do/does)+ not + bare infinitive She doesn’t like eating out S + be (aam/is/are) + not The children aren’t naughty Interrogative(?) Do/does + S + bare infinitive + ? Does she like eating out? Be (am/is/are) + S + ? Are the children naughty?
2. Singular/Plural Nouns
These are formulas for how to use plural form to a noun.
a. For the plural form of most nouns, simply add “-s”
- Bottle : bottles
- Cup : cups
- Pencil : pencils
- Desk : desks
- Sticker : stickers
- Window : windows
- Box : boxes
- watch : watches
- Class : classes
- Bus : buses
c. For nouns ending in “f” or “fe”, Change “f” to “v” and add “-es”
- Wolf : wolfes
- Wife : wives
- Leaf : leaves
- Life : lives
d. Some nouns are exlusive and have different plural forms.
- Child : children
- Woman : women
- Man : men
- Mouse : mice
- Goose : geese
e. Nouns ending in “y” preceded by a consonant, the plural is formed by changing “y” to “i” and add “-es”
- Lady : ladies
- Duty : duties
- Day : days
- Monkey : monkeys
f. Noun ending in “o” preceded by a consonant, the plural is made by adding “-es”
- Hero : heroes
- Potato : potatoes
g. Few nouns have the same singular and plural forms
- Sheep : sheep
- Deer ; deer
- Series : series
- Species : species
h. Some nouns keep their foreign language for plural form
- Crisis : crises
- Analysis : analyses
- Alumnus : alumnus
- Agendum : agendum
- Criterion : criteria
- Phenomenom : Phenomena
Contoh Report Text
Report text about Panda
Have you known panda? How are pandas look like? Well,pandas are mammal. It means that pandas bear live babies. They feed the babies on milk.Panda is like bear. their bodies are typical. It has two dominant colors, white and black. Panda’s fur is seen dominantly in white or snowy. While the legs, ears, eyes, and also the muzzle are covered with black fur.Formerly, panda lived in South and East China. It was also found in part of Myanmar and Vietnam. Today, panda is seen a lot in forest area in Sinchuan, Gangsu, and Shaanxi of ChinaPanda looks cute however it is actually a wild animal. It is like a bear. Because it has strength, panda potentially becomes a frightful animal.
Report text about Tsunami
Tsunami is a japanese word for a sea wave generated by an earthquake or lanslide under a sea or an eruption.
Most tsunamis happend along the ring of fire. it is a zone of volcanoes and seismic activity. the zone encircles the pacific ocean.
Historically, tsunami have caused much clestruction and death. since 1819, about 40 tsunamis have struck the hawaiian islands and since 1883, about 20 tsunamis have struck indonesia. the last one was on december 26th, 2004 and caused over 100.000 people to die.